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Angličtina - některá témata k olympiádě








1. Languages

    To begin with, I´d like to point out that 60% of all human communication is nonverbal.
    It means that you can express many ideas by your body, by your posture, by your gestures, with your face,... In short you may speak a sort of body language.
    The sound itself is just 30%. So, that means that 90% of what you´re saying isn´t coming of your mouth. Probably this finding might make happy anybody who isn´t fond of foreign languages. You know that situation with a foreigner in which instead of speaking language you content yourself with nodding your head yes or no or with a versatile smile: Yeah, I understand, of course. It´s very funny...
    And now to be a bit serious. English is the native language of two thirds of all Canadians and of all Australians. That is, you can communicate with some 350 million people. Now English is an important language in a lot of countries of Africa and Asia too. And a lot of Czech words are of English origin too, such as sports terms and names of textile materials.


2. The person I admire

    I´ve read somewhere that everybody should have an idol. Something like a model who you can ape     (I mean imitate). But when imitating the others you shouldn´t forget about yourself because it could happen that in the end you´ll become a perfect clon of your idol.
    So, why are people looking for their idols? I think, that they admire the others because they don´t have their abilities, behaviour or they aren´t so lucky as the others were. Let´s take for example film stars         or famous singers. Our teenagers try to imitate them in dressing, speaking, singing and special manners even though it isn´t always so good.
    As to me, I don´t have anybody to admire. I haven´t found a person who has all the characteristics         I prefer.
    The best thing I suggest is to put together all the best characteristics I admire about various people. And to form them into a model I try to imitate. Because it´s too easy just to sit and envy the others. Everybody can do his best and try to become a model for the others.


3. Culture, entertainment, reading and media

    I´m always at loss when somebody asks me the question: "Are you a cultural person?" "Yes, I am."      I answer immediately. But then, at second thought, I have to ask myself what actually "being cultural" means. Is it just going to theatre or cinema or to exhibitions? Or does it mean "being sociable and entertaining"? It´s really a difficult question. I think that culture is more than this. On looking up this word in a dictionary you may learn that: "Culture is a complex of both material and spiritual merits brought by people. This may also contain interpersonal relations as well as education and morals in society.
    However, because people are productive beings, we also have to mention their products of material value. So much for the detailed explanation.
    Consequently, in my opinion, to be really cultural you should be a well-educated person who can behave himself in society, who is a sociable one (makes friends easily, goes to theatre etc.) and who values other people´s work. The choice of such activities as entertainment, reading or simply watching TV is adequate to his spiritual level. Speaking of this, for example Mass media:
    Having a TV, a radio or internet at home is quite common nowadays. It isn´t a matter of social status but more like equipment of every home. People feel necessity to be informed and in this way to be in touch with other people.


4. Charles Dickens

    One of the most famous writers - Charles Dickens - was born in 1812 in Portsmouth. His father worked as a clerk so he earned relatively little money. In the 1820s Dickens´s family moved to London. Then Dickens´s father got into debt and was imprisoned so that Charles´s education was interrupted by need to take poorly - paid work in a factory. Dickens later said that he never forgot this terrible time.
    He became solitior´s clerk in 1823 and then he became a newspaper reporter in 1824. His first short story was published in 1825 but it was anonymously and without payment. One year later - in 1826 - Dickens began writing under a pen name 'Boz! In his books he described conditions of poverty in England. In 1836 Dickens married Catherine Hogarth. They had ten children. Six year later he visited the USA and he became very well - known there, they treated him as a celebrity.
    Between 1837 and 1865 some of his finest writings were published - it was many stories in instalments or monthly parts, e.g. Oliver Twist, A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, A Tale of Two Cities etc.
    In 1858 Dickens and wife separated from the other´s and he began to work as hard as he could so in the end he became exhausted and ill.
    This great writer died in 1870 and he was buried in Westminster Abbey.


5. Generation gap

    My grandmother often says: "When I was young, I used to..." and keeps talking about her life many years ago. And I can see that it was quite a different life than nowadays. It often happens that I don´t understand her. I can´t understand why she did this or that when everything seems so easy now.
    Some young families live together with their parents and grandparents. I appreciate it but I also wonder how it can work. Every generation has different opinions and attitudes to life. What seems necessary to me, seems unnecessary to my parents and grandparents. Maybe my children won´t understand me either.
    And there´s also another problem. A technical progress. Old people can never follow it. For example my grandmother doesn´t know how to operate computer, video or stereo recorder. But she doesn´t mind it. She says she doesn´t need it for her life.


6. Contemporary problems of young people

    Personally, I don´t come across so many young people besides my schoolmates, because I haven´t got so many friends. But according to what I can see around me there are many problems among young people.
    For example I think that, generally, there´s a lack of motivation. Students are worse than they used to be because often they don´t know yet what to do in their future.
    They may also live in single-parent families because divorce rate is enormous. Fortunatelly/Unfortunatelly, it is/isn´t my case.
    There are also some parents who earn a lot of money but they haven´t got time for their children. So the children have nobody to talk to, and so very often they end up in front of TV and computer screens, playing stupid computer games. By playing these games and by watching non-sensical American act movies the children go more and more away from real life. And at the moment they realize it, they are frightened and they look for help in drugs.
    I know there´s much violence among young people but once more I repeat, there´s a lack of motivation.


7. Advantages and disadvantages of living in a village or a town

    Personally, I live in a town, so it´s very difficult to me to talk about advantages of living in a village. It´s also difficult for the reason that I am a young person and I´ve got quite different needs from old people. Old people are fond of a quiet life without problems, they don´t need so many things as the young do, and especially they economize on everyday expenditures. So I think, they appreciate living in a village better.
    So, what do I like about living in a town? More possibilities for cultural life, better opportunities for getting a job and much comfort. You needn´t commute a long way to work.
    But on the other hand, there are people who don´t lead social life. They prefer peaceful surroundings to noisy society. They prefer gardening to going to the theatre. And they don´t mind to spend some extra money when they know the peace is priceless.


8. Human beings and their relationship to the nature

    Relationship of people to the nature and environment is a very attractive topic on radio an TV. People like talking about it very much. They like talking about it but in fact they don´t seem to do anything to help the nature.
    I think that the society is to advanced that it can´t do any more without such conveniences as radio, TV, a car or microwave oven.
    People know that they exploit and spoil nature but they don´t know how to stop it. Conservationists warn that there are bad living conditions for wild animals, people complain that there are fewer places for a walk...
    But what about the future? What about the future animals and people?
    It´s necessary to teach people since their childhood how to protect nature. It´s necessary to feel responsibility for the environment for next generations.


9. Our brain

    Our brain is much more intelligent than we have ever imagined. Now it seems that, on average,         we use even less than one per cent of our brain.
    A good example of what the brain is capable of is a man called "S". He was famous for having              a perfect memory. His extraordinary ability was studied for many years. The psychologist found out that at very early age, S´s brain had the power to remember every detail about his life.
    Another example is Dario Donatelli who specialised in techniques for remembering numbers. He memorised a number of 73 digits. He groups the numbers into pairs, or threes or fours and he links them with something he´s familiar with, for example, his brother´s age, a date of birth, a month of year, etc.
    But we could do the same because our brain improves with time and practice. So the best advice how to train your brain is going to the local library or bookshop as often as possible.


 
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1. Languages
2. The person I admire
3. Culture, entertainment, reading and media
4. Charles Dickens
5. Generation gap
6. Contemporary problems of young people
7. Advantages and disadvantages of living in a village or a town
8. Human beings and their relationship to the nature
9. Our brain
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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